The Cold War mainly refers to a period in history marked by tension and build up of arms between the United States of America and the Soviet Union. During the Cold War and post-Cold War periods, nuclear weapons and their delivery systems had been immensely secured and protected over the fear that such weapons of mass destruction were stolen, thus nuclear facilities and devices, such as reactors and propulsion systems, were safeguarded. Relations between the United States and the USSR were no doubt strained and hostile even prior to the beginning of World War II yet they were characterized as cold war around 1947 Removal of the "security blanket" could erode this separation. Therefore corrupting the ideals of an American and how American trial works It has become a staple of twentieth-century historiography that Cold War concerns were at the root of a number of progressive political accomplishments in the postwar period: a high progressive marginal tax rate that helped fund the arms race and contributed to broad income equality; bipartisan support for far-reaching civil rights legislation that transformed politics and society in the American South, which had … Historians do not fully agree on the dates, but the period is generally considered to span the 1947 Truman Doctrine to the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union. After Russia embarked on several economic reformations in the 1990s, it underwent a financial crisis and a recession more oppressive than the United States and Germany experienced during the Great Depression. In addition to the loss of life by uniformed soldiers, millions died in the superpowers' proxy wars around the globe, most notably in Southeast Asia. The primary actions in the cold war were the United States and its allies, countered by Russia and countries aligned with that nation. World inventories of weapons-grade fissile materials are substantial, much greater than now needed for military purposes. Sample Essay on Effects of Cold War on Africa. all time due to his involvement in the Cold War. Localized conflicts/tensions replaced the former bilateral nuclear confrontation and as a lingering result, large inventories of nuclear weapons and facilities remain stabilized. Small countries have obtained nuclear weapons or the capacity to make them, … Oxford University Press. In association with the Cold War International History Project and supported by funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities, a new collaborative project has been launched on the cultural, social and political significance of sport in the Cold War. Even then the end was not clear. The Cold War was a confrontation between capitalism and communism from 1945 to 1991. The Germans had pillaged their way across Eastern Europe and the Soviets had pillaged their way back across it at the cost of millions of lives. Highly dependent institutional frameworks were to be restructured, and new obligations were acquired by nations that were once bystanders to the East-West confrontation. 'The Effects of the (End of the) Cold War on Central African Politics: How a Cold War turned into a very Hot One' Central Africa has been shaped by complex regional dynamics, through which local disputes and national conflicts have spilled over national borders. Due to the potential risk to national and international security, nuclear-weapons states have inherited substantial responsibilities in protecting and stabilizing their nuclear forces. Most textbooks devote scant if any space to discussing it. Cold War scholars from three continents met at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, during the third week of April, 2003, for a conference co-sponsored by Yale's International Security Studies program and the Cold War International History Project entitled "Lives and Consequences: the Local History of the Cold War." These institutional structures and perceptions have had their own challenges and adjustments after the Cold War. The Cold War was waged on political, economic, and propaganda fronts and had only limited recourse to weapons. The Cold War was an ideological, economic, political and military confrontation, but it never actually was fought between these two nations on a battlefield. Millions of people, both civilians and military personnel, lost their lives in Korea, Vietnam and in other parts of the world where United States and Soviet Union proxy wars … This political conflict faced capitalism and communism for four decades, and although there was no military conflict between the countries most involved, the United States and the Soviet Union, other regions were affected. One of the political effects of the Cold War and the Cuban Revolution was the crisis of missiles in Cuba. Until these materials can be demilitarized, they need to be securely safeguarded to evade risks of deliberate, accidental, or unauthorized nuclear devastation. Truman’s successor in the White House, President Dwight Eisenhower, placed renewed emphasis on Communist containment, continuing many of the basic policies established in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Unfortunately, these consequences did not detain the  E.E.U.U. Lisa Reynolds Wolfe"Cuba: Cold War Comes To The Western Hemisphere"in: Havana Project (2014) Recovered in 2017 from havanaproject.com. In 1947 the Cold War began to influence Italian politics. The Cold War divided Europe and the world in two opposing spheres of influence for four and a half decades. These conflicts are considered one of the most negative consequences of the Cold War. It began in the mid 1940s and lasted till the late 1980s. Other Cold War weapons states are slowly reducing their arsenals because they have not abandoned their dependency on nuclear deterrence. Africa was caught up in the cold war between the Soviet Union and America. Alexander DeVolpi (2009): Nuclear Insights: The Cold War Legacy, Volume 2: Nuclear Threats and Prospects (A Knowledgeable Assessment). Although Russian living standards worsened overall in the post–Cold War years, the economy held an overwhelming growth after 1995 and in early 2005 it became known that it had returned to its 1989 levels of per-Capita GDP. 91, Spain's Agonía republicana and Its Aftermath: Memories and Studies of the History, Culture and Literature of the Spanish Civil War. The emergence of the United States as a dominant international actor following the Second World War was shaped by the rivalry with the Soviet Union, which, in turn, defined its new global posture on the basis of the competition with America. An arms race, such as the U.S.-Soviet Cold War nuclear arms race, occurs when countries increase their military forces to gain superiority over one another. Pre-World War Two . There are many different theories and explanations to answer this question, I would suggest reading John Lewis Gaddis' 'Cold War' book. In response to the installation of US military bases in Turkey, the USSR took advantage of the emerging hatred between Americans and Cubans to use Cuba as a strategic location to place medium-range missile batteries to attack the United States. Military expenditures by the US during the Cold War years were estimated to have been $8 trillion, while nearly 100,000 Americans lost their lives in the Korean War and Vietnam War. The Warsaw Pact disintegrated. In many countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America, communist and socialist ideology provoked a tense political environment. With the end of communism (the Soviet Union collapsed due to its economic weaknesses), German unification, and even the expected separation of Czechoslovakia everything Historical occurred with immense rapidness. Log in Ask Question. The term Cold War was coined because those involved never took actual military actions against each other. The Cold War defined the political role of the United States in the post–World War II world: by 1989 the United States held military alliances with 50 countries and had 1.5 million troops posted abroad in 117 countries which institutionalized a global commitment to huge, permanent peacetime military-industrial complexes and large-scale military funding of science. 2 Now that it can be viewed as a distinct phase of U.S. economic history, an analytical survey is in order. Come the start of the cold war, the world’s economy has largely shifted into a globalized economy. The legacy of the Cold War conflict is not easily erased as many of the economic and social tensions that were exploited to fuel Cold War competition in parts of the Third World remain acute. The Cold War was a twentieth-century conflict between the United States of America (U.S.), the Soviet Union (USSR), and their respective allies over political, economic, and military issues, often described as a struggle between capitalism and communism—but the issues were actually far grayer than that. With the fall of the Berlin Wall, the annulment of the Warsaw Pact and the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Cold War had been officially terminated, but despite it all, military development and spending continued, particularly in the deployment of nuclear-armed ballistic missiles and defensive systems, because there was no formalized treaty ending the Cold War, the former superpowers have continued to various degrees to maintain and even improve or modify existing nuclear weapons and delivery systems. The cold war was a period of tension and subdued hostility which gripped most of the world between the 1940’s and the early 1990’s. Environmental remediation, industrial production, research science, and technology development have all benefited from the carefully managed application of radiation and other nuclear processes. They were an historic achievement but had little impact on the Cold War. Sample Essay on Effects of Cold War on Africa. Petra Goedde (2019): The Politics of Peace: A Global Cold War History. By the end of the 1950's, dissent slowly increased reaching a climax by the late 1960's. After the end of World War II in 1945, Europe faced great difficulties in achieving an economic, political and social recovery. The Cold War has continued to influence global politics after its end, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the post–Cold War world is widely considered as unipolar—with the United States the sole remaining superpower. The Cold War was a conflict between capitalist allies, led by the United States, and the Communist bloc, largely represented by the Soviet Union. The most important social causes are due to economic influence which caused national military establishments and alliances to be reconfigured. Because of this confrontation, many innocent people had to suffer bad management, when they were supposed to be at peace, as the Second World War was declared over. Several significant radiation-related accidents occurred at military and civilian nuclear reactors and facilities, causing direct fatalities, as well as involuntary occupational and public exposures. The breakdown of state control in a number of areas formerly ruled by Communist governments has produced new civil and ethnic conflicts, particularly in the former Yugoslavia. What were the effects of cold war on international politics? However, the impact of cold war among the African countries differed. Part of a series on the History of the Cold War, In its course, the Cold War became a growing threat to world peace and when it reached its highest form of confrontation, as a direct and indirect consequence, numerous people suffered great misfortunes. His Cold War liberalism and his violent anti-communism became ideological cornerstones, supporting the next forty years of American politics. The risk of nuclear and radiological terrorism by possible sub-national organizations or individuals is now a concern. Andrew Sumner (2016): Global Poverty: Deprivation, Distribution, and Development Since the Cold War. The Cold War negatively impacted American politics due to the creation of McCarthyism, which accused politicians, celebrities, and ordinary citizens of being a communist because of their bias. He had excluded the Communists and their allies, the Socialists, from his government the previous May both to placate the Vatican and the conservative south and to ensure that much-needed U.S. aid continued. Tensions created by the superpowers during the Cold War remained high after the war ended. To make a success of this task we are largely dependent upon the capital and technicians which only more advanced nations can supply. Initially, Kennan advocated the “…adroit and vigilant application of counterforce at a series of constantly shifting geographical and political points,” which, he predicted, would result in “either the break-up or gradual mellowing of Soviet power.” Bulletin of Spanish Studies: Vol. The Cold War was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union and the United States and their respective allies, the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc, after World War II. During the Cold War, an international fabric of arms-control constraint had evolved, much of it carried over as a beneficial heritage with institutional mechanisms for multilateral or international function and verification. One obvious political impact is the Vietnam War; and that in itself led to social/economic impacts . Due to the military and non-military exploitation of nuclear fission, the Cold War brought forth some significant involuntary exposures to high-level radiation. "Conditioning the Effects of Aid: Cold War Politics, Donor Credibility, and Democracy in Africa", 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine, North Yemen-South Yemen Border conflict of 1972, Struggle against political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union, Sovereignty of Puerto Rico during the Cold War, Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, List of Eastern Bloc agents in the United States, American espionage in the Soviet Union and Russian Federation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Effects_of_the_Cold_War&oldid=990436603, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 13:40. The Cuban revolution was a revolutionary movement initiated in Cuba in 1953 and concluded in 1959 with the rise to power of Fidel Castro. Aside from the tangible measures of national defense, such as standing military and security forces and hardware, they are various institutional structures of government and functionality that have less to do directly with military or security factors, but more to do with underlying public attitudes and risks. Effects of cold war on Africa can be seen in different aspects. This event, which took place between 14 and 28 October 1962, involved the United States, Cuba and the Soviet Union. Both the USA and the Soviet Union built up huge arsenals of atomic weapons and ballistic missiles. For instance in South Africa, the government of the white minority was haunted by communism. The Cold War affected Europe by dividing it between communist and democratic countries, which essentially divided Europe into Western Europe and Eastern Europe. The U.S. no longer fears the Soviet Union in the same way but the enemy has become less defined. Cold War, the open yet restricted rivalry that developed after World War II between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies. It led to indirect conflicts such as the War in Korea(1950-1953) and the War in Vietnam(1964-1974). That made Africa a major source of Cold War tension. Decolonialization by European countries and the withdrawal of Axis forces of occupied lands left a “vacuum of power” in Europe and around … This exacerbated the idea of having a ‘democracy equaled having peace,’ surged across the nations affected by the Cold War and became a popular opinion across international relation experts because peace laid in the political strength(democracy) of the sovereignty of the people. 115-135. This paper looks at the disadvantages as well as advantages of the end of the Cold The Cold War was a political war between the US and the USSR.Both side were on the United Nations. The Cold War shaped American foreign policy and political ideology, impacted the domestic economy and the presidency, and affected the personal lives of Americans creating a climate of expected conformity and normalcy. Most of the proxy wars and subsidies for local conflicts ended along with the Cold War; the incidence of interstate wars, ethnic wars, revolutionary wars, as well as refugee and  Disagreements between the leaders of the nations that were affected by the warfare declined sharply in the post–Cold War years. Negative Impact Before the Cold War - 6% per year 1966-1970 - 5.3% per year 1971-1975 - 3.7% per year After 1975 - 2.6% per year Why? The origins of the Cold War can be traced back to the Russian Revolution of 1917, which created a Soviet Russia with a profoundly different economic and ideological state to the capitalist and democratic West. Some effects of the Cold War included a stagnant Russian economy, a large loss of life and an increased chance of nuclear war. From the information gathered it appears to me that the Cold War had some negative effects on globalization, but they were outweighed by the positive effects, which caused a boost in competition and trade with others. However, during the Second World War, these two countries put their differences aside and they were allied. Although historians and scholars maintain different positions regarding what were the causes that led to the development of the Cold War and its effects they all concur the tensions between the superpowers that had already been accumulating during this period where the spark that ignited the flame. Its most important political effect was the overthrow of the then President of Cuba, Fulgencio Batista, considered by many a dictator. The political effects of the Cold War and the most important Cuban Revolution were the atmosphere of pre-war political tension and the rise to power of Fidel Castro. But the political impact was that it lead to the collapse of the Soviet Union, which was communist, and became democratic post-cold war. The Cold War grew out of a failure to achieve a durable settlement among leaders from the “Big Three” Allies—the US, Britain, and the Soviet Union—as they met at Yalta in Russian Crimea and at Potsdam in occupied Germany to shape the postwar order. The purpose of this essay is to address the effects of the Cold War and subsequently Communism on globalization. The arrival to power of the revolutionary leader Fidel Castro, has had terrible consequences for the Cuban economy until the present time. 'Cold War on a Sheet of Ice': Political Legacy of ‘Miracle on Ice’ Hockey Win Team captain Mike Eruzione discusses the Americans' improbable victory in 1980. Despite all that has been written by economists, historians, political scientists, and others about the Cold War economy, economic historians have given little attention to it as such. 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