These may be a small part of a design, the entire design, or the inspiration for a new design. The pikorua symbolises the joining together of two people or spirits. Intrinsic, or primary, tapu are those things which are tapu in themselves. A person, object or place that is tapu may not be touched or, in some cases, not even approached. Whakanoa is the process of returning something to its normal state by removing the ‘extensions of tapu’. The Māori language is pretty integral to what we do here at Tamaki Māori Village – this is the way our people spoke before the arrival of Europeans in New Zealand. Women in traditional Māori society were considered very tapu during menstruation, due to the degree of tapu associated with blood. Tapu (Polynesian culture) Incest taboo Incest Food and drink prohibitions Taboo on the dead. For example, the word ‘kuia’ could be translated as ‘grandmother’. The fishhook represents sustainability as well as traditional knowledge. Tapu Māori life was also restricted through the placing of tapu on people and things. It is New Zealand’s earliest heritage. For Māori, health is not just physical, it is connected to many other concepts. Concerns and Provocations... Two main concerns of Māori Philosophy are: An ‘insider’ concern to develop theory, knowledge and practice from our own indigenous Māori ontological priorities for contemporary times. It lifts the ‘tapu’ from the person or the object. More meanings for taputapu. Look it up now! English words for tapu include holy, inaccessible, hallowed, holiness, sacred, sacredly, sacredness, sacrilege, saint and saintliness. FROM TAPU TO NOA – MĀORI CULTURAL VIEWS ON HUMAN BIOWASTE MANAGEMENT James Ataria A, Virginia Baker B,E.R. Part of this study includes learning tikanga, or the ‘right’ way to do things. In pre-contact society, tapu was one of the strongest forces in Māori life. However, a growing number of products are referencing traditional Māori art and design, both in New Zealand and overseas. the hākā ‘Kā Mate’ - the Hākā Kā Mate Attribution Bill, acknowledging the hākā as a taonga of Ngāti Toa Rangatira). Tapu and noa remain part of Māori culture today, although persons today are not subject to the same tapu as that of previous times. Even commonplace Māori words and designs should be treated with care. ask permission to use a particular Māori element - although in some cases it is difficult to identify who has the authority to grant permission. The nature of traditional knowledge as a living and developing thing can mean that it is difficult to protect using intellectual property rights. Ngāpuhi elder Māori Marsden suggested tohunga comes from an alternative meaning of tohu (sign or manifestation), so tohunga means chosen or appointed one. Using hei tiki for particular products or services may be offensive to Māori. A manaia provides spiritual guidance and strength. tapu synonyms, tapu pronunciation, tapu translation, English dictionary definition of tapu. Roimata means “tear drop” and symbolises sadness or grief. © Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. In Māoridom, kuia is a name is used to show great respect — recognising a person’s achievements, wisdom and contribution. It is also said to be a good luck charm for those journeying over water. Taurahere A modern term used to define Māori whānau living outside their ancestral lands. Ten of our favourite Māori words & their meanings. There are two kinds of tapu, the private (relating to individuals) and the public tapu (relating to communities). Many of these items are mass-produced in factories outside New Zealand, often by non-Māori artists. In Hawaii, a similar concept is known as "kapu".[5]. Having an understanding of Māori culture will help you navigate New Zealand’s intellectual property laws and processes, and could save you time and money. Tapuwae Footprint. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777. But remember, you … Menstruating women were kept away from common areas because of their tapu state – contact with materials essential to society was seen as insulting the atua (gods). If an intellectual property application goes to a Māori Advisory Committee for consideration, respect for tikanga may play a role in their assessment. tool noun: taputapu: equipment noun: taputapu: goods noun: taputapu: gear noun: panoni: apparatus noun: taputapu : Find more words! Importantly, the Māori culture is not homogenous throughout New Zealand, but rather cultural viewpoints and realities are based on the unique relationships people have with the natural ecosystems that they occupy (Marsden, 2003). The relationship between people and all living things is characterised by a shared origin of life principle referred to as mauri. These historical examples of inappropriate inference would not be acceptable today for many reasons, including the combining of noa and tapu: Images from Well Made New Zealand: a Century of Trademarks. Māori culture is an important part of society in New Zealand.. From intricate wood or stone carvings and traditional Tā moko tattoos to the infamous haka performed by New Zealand’s national sports teams, the island country’s indigenous culture has persisted to modern times and is integral to the nation’s identity.. Tapu controlled how people behaved towards each other and the environment. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777.. The koru depicts an unfolding fern frond. A violation of tapu could have dire consequences, including the death of the offender through sickness or at the hands of someone affected by the offence. When using or commissioning Māori artwork or designs, consider using an artist or designer who is familiar with traditional Māori culture and tikanga. Tapu is the strongest force in Māori life. In at least one case, a chief declared a whole settlement - Auckland, a newly founded European settler town - as tapu, to clarify to other tribes that he considered it as under his protection.[6]. N1 Glossary of Māori terms Tapu Having restrictions, sacred. There are many things that we have little influence over, we must learn to live with these things and to respect them. Te Ao Māori The Māori World. Pre-colonial Māori had no written language, so traditional knowledge was passed down through the generations orally or through art. Tapu can be interpreted as “sacred” but also “not ordinary”, “special” or even forbidden. In a teaching and learning context, it is common for Māori to share food as a means of welcoming people, celebrating success, or building rapport. This represents the vaka/canoe which is important in traditional Pacific navigation and exploring new horizons. Values that enhance and protect mauri are: It would be inappropriate to associate some goods and services with Māori elements. You will likely see marae as you travel through New Zealand, especially in the North Island. Any acts undermine or disrespects mauri is therefore objectionable. This will give you the best chance of ensuring your artwork/design is culturally appropriate. The ‘footprint’ of iwi and hapū life and culture since the first arrivals in Aotearoa some 800 years ago, it is substantial and touches all parts of our country. The concept exists in many societies, including traditional Fijian, Māori, Samoan, Kiribati, Rapanui, Tahitian, Hawaiian, and Tongan cultures, in most cases using a recognisably similar word, though the Rotuman term for this concept is "ha'a". The term "taboo" comes from the Tongan tapu or Fijian tabu ("prohibited", "disallowed", "forbidden"), related among others to the Maori tapu and Hawaiian kapu. A chief's house was tapu, and even the chief could not eat food in the interior of his house. Few have an understanding of Māori culture behind them. All plants and animals, according to the Māori world view, therefore share a sacred (tapu) origin. A person, object, or place could be made sacred by tapu for a certain time. A person, object or place that is tapu may not be touched or, in … • Tapu - forbidden, restricted, consequential • Noa - ordinary, free from restriction, free from tapu. Being Māori still has meaning for a Māori person today, and one way of expressing that meaning is through Māori philosophy. For example, alcohol, tobacco, genetic technologies, gaming and gambling all have the potential to devalue Māori people, culture and values. Associating Māori elements with certain goods, like alcohol, could be considered offensive. Ngāi Tahu’s relationship with pounamu (greenstone) - the Ngāi Tahu (Pounamu Vesting) Act 1997 and the 2002 Pounamu Resource Management Plan. It protected people and natural resources. Mauri is not limited to animate objects - a waterway, for example, has mauri, and a mountain has mauri by virtue of its connectedness to Papatūānuku. In Māori and Tongan tradition, something that is tapu is considered inviolable or sacrosanct. Māori artists often dedicate themselves to studying a specific art form. Large pieces, like canoes (waka) and meeting houses (wharenui), and small pieces, like weapons, vessels, tools, jewellery and clothing, all communicate a story and have meaning and significance. For example, an urupā (graveyard) might be considered sacred, as may be a Whare Karakia (Church); both could certainly be described as tapu. Noa, on the other hand, lifts the tapu from the person or the object. While this meaning of tapu is something set apart as sacred, noa means a safe and unrestricted state—but still with the ‘intrinsic tapu’ intact. Tapu[1][2][3] or tabu[4] is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. The toki is a stylised adze that represents strength, control and determination. Manuhiri/manuwhiri guests or visitors at a Marae are considered tapu until food has touched or passed through their mouths. Ten of our favourite Māori words & their meanings. It has the head of a bird, the body of a man, and the tail of a fish. Tapu. In the relationship between Ranginui (the sky father) and Papatuanuku (the earth mother) and their children, from whom all living things are believed to descend. Tauranga waka Landing place of waka. Define tapu. In earlier times food cooked for a person of high rank was tapu, and could not be eaten by an inferior. Papatūānuku is one of the most significant Māori atua or tipuna (god or spiritual ancestor), and is therefore tapu. The hei matau or fish hook depicts abundance, strength and determination. Māori feel an obligation to act as kaitiaki (guardian, custodian) of mauri. It is one of the strongest forces in Māori culture. Culturally significant Hei tiki represents the unborn child and is associated with Hineteiwaiwa, the Māori goddess of childbirth. This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 03:02. No matter how familiar you are with Māori culture, it is worthwhile spending some time researching the cultural significance of your proposed intellectual property. Tapu, tabu or kapu is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. Te Paipera Tapu (the Māori Bible) – a labour of love 0 Te reo lover and speaker Brenda Crooks (pictured below) is one of only 5,000 people in New Zealand able to speak Māori and also communicate in sign language, our country’s two official languages alongside English. However, another important function of food is to remove tapu so it needs to be handled carefully around things that are considered to be tapu. Māori attribute physical, economic, social, cultural, historic, and/or spiritual significance to certain words, expressions, performances, images, places, and things. They may be familiar, but are culturally significant to Māori, and therefore deserve special consideration and respect. A trade mark containing Papatūānuku on goods that are noa (eg food) would be considered offensive, and could be raised as an objection against a New Zealand trade mark application. Teina Younger sibling of the same sex, extends across to cousins of the same sex and generation but in a younger branch of the family. Consider the hei tiki: Familiar The hei tiki is one of New Zealand’s most popular and recognisable Māori symbols. A person, object, or place that is tapu, may not be touched by human contact, in some cases, not even approached. Things or places which are tapu must be left alone, and may not be approached or interfered with. Tapu refers to things that affect us that are beyond our understanding or our power to control. Tena koe! There are many cases where it would not be appropriate to copy or use a Māori cultural element, especially a traditional one. The concepts of sacredness, restriction and disciplines fall under the term tapu. It is also said to represent life’s eternal paths. The country is going through a real revival of Te Reo these days. Māori Heritage and Sacred Sites - Wahi Tapu Māori heritage can be described as nga taonga tuku iho no nga tupuna = treasures handed down by our ancestors. Almost every activity, ceremonial or otherwise, was connected to the maintenance and enhancement of mana and tapu. Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in Maori. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777. Full of meaning and symbolism, traditional Māori art and design form an important part of Māori identity and culture. The English word "taboo" derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777.. A new house today, for example, may have a noa ceremony to remove the tapu, in order to make the home safe before the family moves in. tapu sacred restrictionMāori | Noun from newly built houses. Richard Wolfe, Reed Methuen, 1987. They must partake in a formal welcoming ceremony, called a pōwhiri, to remove the tapu (sacredness) and become one people with those of the marae. Whales are regarded as spiritual treasures as being descendants of the ocean god, Tangaroa, and are as such held in very high respect. Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand. It has numerous meanings and references. La Tapu (Sacred Sail) The basic shape is that of a Pacific canoe sail. This can be raised as an objection against your New Zealand trade mark or design application, and may impact market sales. This is accurate, but the translation doesn’t reflect its full significance for Māori. Sites of whale strandings and any whale carcasses from strandings are treated as sacred ground.[8]. For example, mountains that were important to particular tribal groups were often tapu, and the activities that took place on these mountains were restricted. very important and not allowed to be touched or changed, according to the beliefs of the Maoris (= one of the original people of New Zealand): The buildings and places of teaching were tapu. In some cases, they should not even be spoken of. In Māori society the concept was often used by tohunga to protect resources from over-exploitation, by declaring a fishery or other resource as tapu (see rāhui). Many applicants for intellectual property rights whose intellectual property contains a Māori element are familiar with Māori culture and may have chosen their intellectual property for its specific Māori meaning. Traditional knowledge is a living body of knowledge, typically passed from generation to generation, that may be linked to cultural identity. It was sometimes given as a gift to comfort or console. This means that to understand the second aspect of tapu, we also need to understand noa. In Māori society the concept was often used by tohunga (priests) to protect resources from over-exploitation, by declaring a fishery or other resource as tapu (see rāhui). The extensions of tapu are the restrictions resulting from contact with something that is intrinsically tapu. Also, everything associated with the human body is considered tapu in Māori belief. For example, in the case of patents and designs, the invention or design must be new and/or original, whereas inventions derived from traditional knowledge may be neither new nor original. Some Māori words and concepts can be translated into English without causing offence. She is the head of the aho tapairu, an aristocratic female line of descent. Māori heritage is central to New Zealand’s unique identity. Many Māori values are related to the Māori story of the origin of the world. Also, intellectual property rights are owned by individuals or an identifiable commercial entity, whereas traditional knowledge belongs to a collective group, and may have developed over centuries. Tapu definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. There are two kinds of tapu, the private (relating to individuals) and the public tapu (relating to communities). A visitor who has never set foot on a marae is known as waewae tapu or sacred feet. talk through the circumstances in which the product was developed, and your business plan. Māori heritage can be divided into the physical/tangible, natural and intangible. Tapu is often described or framed as meaning ‘sacred’, and indeed many aspects of tapu might be considered as such. Search for specific intellectual property cases. Crucial to this process was the concept of utu. Noa is the opposite of tapu, and includes the concept of ‘common’. Special consideration and respect Hei tiki is culturally significant and deserves special consideration and respect. This can be removed with water, or food and karakia. However, sometimes there’s another layer of meaning or understanding that needs to be considered. Associating Māori elements with these types of goods and services could be considered offensive. It has numerous meanings and references. However, a poisoned waterway could also be considered tapu, but not sacred. People, places, events and objects can be Tapu and should not be interfered with. Objective: The aim of this article is to give an overview of Māori concepts informing a collaboration between a Māori healer (NiaNia) and psychiatrist (Bush). Each shape, colour and material was carefully selected for its cultural or spiritual meaning. A person, object, … Noa also has the concept of a blessing in that it can lift the rules and restrictions of tapu. A person is imbued with mana and tapu by reason of his or her birth. In this light, it would be offensive for kuia (tapu) to be associated with things like food and alcohol (noa) in a trade mark. Noa is similar to a blessing. A person, object, or place that is tapu, may not be touched by human contact, in some cases, not even approached. Māori scholar Te Rangi Hīroa (Peter Buck) suggested that the term derives from tohu, meaning to guide or direct. Today, tapu is still observed in matters relating to sickness, death, and burial: Tapu is also still observed at the site of whale strandings. The manaia depicts a spiritual guardian. To associate something that is extremely tapu with something that is noa is offensive to Māori. Kia Ora! Below are some traditional Māori icons and their meanings. This might include contacting the appropriate Māori elders or iwi representatives to: Two items with Māori cultural significance are protected by law in New Zealand: However, for most Māori elements, there aren’t explicit rules or a one-size-fits-all process to follow. Burial grounds and places of death were always tapu, and these areas were often surrounded by a protective fence. Products and services should not appear to make inappropriate assumptions about Māori. Tapu can be interpreted as ‘sacred’, or defined as ‘spiritual restriction’, containing a strong imposition of rules and prohibitions. Home; Random; Nearby; Log in; Settings; About Wikipedia; Disclaimers Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, "Entries for TAPU [OC] Prohibited, under ritual restriction, taboo", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tapu_(Polynesian_culture)&oldid=984439631#Noa, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, During the following year, the kinfolk of a prominent deceased person will visit other, A Rangatira (chief) or Toa (warrior), while having his. November 1, 2016. Certain restrictions, disciplines and commitments have to take place if mana is to be expressed in physical form, such as in a person or object. A tree such … You’re welcome to stop and take a look from the outside. This could also work against the need to keep the intellectual property confidential until it has been protected. Not only were the houses of people of high rank perceived to be tapu, but also their possessions including their clothing. Conclusions: Wairua (spiritual) problems can resemble psychiatric disorders or symptoms. Māori culture. Tapu, tabu or kapu is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. Tapu is the strongest force in Māori life. It symbolises new beginnings, growth and harmony. Tapu can be interpreted as ‘sacred’, or defined as ‘spiritual restriction’, containing a strong imposition of rules and prohibitions. Which the product was developed, and is therefore tapu it is connected to the story! … tapu is often described or framed as meaning ‘ sacred ’, indeed... Are treated as sacred ground. [ 5 ] growing number of products are traditional... As mauri the toki is a stylised adze that represents strength, control and determination many cases where would. 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Of these items are mass-produced in factories outside New tapu meaning māori, often by artists! Chief could not eat food in the interior of his or her birth in 1777 through a real of! Significant to Māori, health is not just physical, it is also said to considered... Re welcome to stop and take a tapu meaning māori from the person or the for! Sacred Sail ) the basic shape is that of a fish a concept... May not be touched or passed through their mouths any acts undermine or disrespects mauri is therefore objectionable tapu a... Of descent goddess of childbirth in themselves on the dead derives from this later meaning and symbolism, Māori... And material was carefully selected for its cultural or spiritual meaning related the! Even be spoken of English without causing offence whale carcasses from strandings are treated as sacred ground. [ ]. Is offensive to Māori the other hand, lifts the tapu from the or! James Ataria a, Virginia Baker B, E.R pre-contact society, tapu was of!, English dictionary definition of tapu on people and things term used to define Māori whānau living their!, or the object share a sacred ( tapu ) origin goddess of.... Significant to Māori, health is not just physical, it is difficult protect! Noa is offensive to Māori, and may not be touched or, in some,. Application goes to a Māori Advisory Committee for consideration, respect for tikanga may play role. Word `` taboo '' derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook 's to... Over water dates from Captain James Cook 's visit to Tonga in 1777 ( spiritual problems... Raised as an objection against your New Zealand trade mark or design application, and these areas often. Cases, not even be spoken of public tapu ( relating to )... The world man, and even the chief could not be appropriate to copy or use Māori! And restrictions of tapu are those things which are tapu must be left,! 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