Q.27. The 1871 Trade Union Act, introduced by William Gladstone's Liberal government, established the legal status of trade unions - although other legislation made it difficult for unions to organise picketing and strikes. During the January strikes of 1905, strike committees, soviets of factory deputies, and other workers’ organizations were established at the largest enterprises in the industrial cities. Foremost among the organizations workers created were the factory committees and trade unions. Trade unions were combinations, and in the disputes which took place the working men could not act as individuals. ... just as the trade union has come to stay. Most trade-union leaders agreed that, under Socialism, the primary task of unions was to facilitate production and that workers’ interests were now identical to state employers’ interests. Each trade (= type of work) formed its own union but, over the years, some combined to form larger, more powerful groups. They were bound to act in combination. The plumbers’ union, which had decided it needed a wages’ campaign and to take a “stand against the Accord” was fined, defeated and forced to retreat by 1987. The development of these bodies follows the general trajectory of all of Russian society in 1917—from the spring of hope, through the hot summer of conflict, to the hardened polarization of the fall. But each should be sharply checked where it acts against law and justice. HC Deb 10 March 1905 vol 142 cc1054-127 1054 ... and if any real doubt existed it could be made perfectly clear when the Bill was in Committee. The metalworkers union had called for modifications to the trade-off proposal, with its Victorian secretary John Halfpenny suggesting that unions should resume industrial action. Culture trade unions trade unions In Britain, the trade union movement started in the 19th century after the Industrial Revolution when workers began to form groups to argue for improved working conditions and pay. The arguments in favor of their taking this stand were even then overwhelming. The National and Local Government Officers' Association was a British trade union representing mostly local government "white collar" workers. State of the Union 1905 - 5 December 1905. Each can do and has done great good. After 1905, most committees and trade unions were: (a) Declared illegal (b) declared legal (c) active (d) none of the above. At the beginning of the 20th century, the majority of Russian people worked in the: (a) Industrial sector (b) Agricultural sector (c) Mining sector (d) Transport sector. Each should be favored so long as it does good. 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