Invasive species are costly, disrupt natural ecosystems, and consequently threaten native species. Zoysia grass forms a lawn that feels like a thick, prickly carpet. Your grass's growth habit also provides grass I.D. Fine fescue includes many species of fescues which all have similar appearances and growth habits. It can also be found in the North, but will turn brown once the weather turns cold. It grows in bunches, and is therefore not used very often in seed mixes. Ryegrass can tolerate heavy foot traffic, but does not tolerate extreme cold or drought conditions. Because it is a low-growing grass, it doesn’t require a lot of mowing. Its soft velvety texture, deep green color and tolerance to heavy traffic make it one of the best choices for yards, sports fields and campuses. Color/Texture: Dark green, coarse, spongy. Unlike other Northern types, it grows by an extensive production of stolons (above ground). Getting started. The suggested species of grass which grows well in the Indianapolis area are Kentucky Bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, tall fescue, and fine fescue. When left unmowed it forms a compact spike-like seed head, much different than the Kentucky bluegrass seed head. St. Occasionally, it will be found in areas of California. The costs to maintain a home lawn of bentgrass can be very costly due to the fungicides, insecticides, fertilizer, and expensive mowing equipment it requires. You will choose the right type for you because each one of these types has different characteristics. It has a high heat tolerance but is not recommended for areas prone to drought. Whether you’re overseeding an existing lawn, thinking about establishing a new lawn or reseeding bare or thinning spots, it’s important to know what kind of grass you currently have growing. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. It’s an aggressive, durable grass that handles traffic and drought well. Also, it leaves a "whitish" cast when mowed. It also has small hairs where the leaf blade meets the leaf sheath. They are the most shade-tolerant lawn grasses and fairly easy to differentiate from all other grasses. Selecting the proper grass for the lawn’s intended use and for the site is the first step toward creating a quality lawn. If the stem base is a reddish purple, it’s perennial ryegrass. Although the grass may be greener on your side of the fence (if not, here’s help with that), turfgrasses are not all alike. Lawns are used around houses, apartments, commercial buildings and offices. They can also have a lighter green color than other grasses. Kentucky bluegrassflourishes throughout the Northeast and the entire northern t… These 2 classes have the different types of lawn. Maintaining these yard grasses can be expensive but a well-manicured turfgrass can increase your home’s property value by … This lawn consists of mowed clustered field sedge (Carex praegracilis), a native to most of the U.S and Canada. The most obvious identifying characteristic is the kneeled canoe-shaped leaf tip. One of the key identifying characteristics of perennial ryegrass is the back of the leaf blade which is very shiny. When combined correctly, these types will form a dense turf that is acceptable for most Northern lawns in the U.S. Color/Texture: Soft with coarse mix, dense. For example, if you pick a Northern weed control for a Southern lawn, you could actually harm it and then, yikes, you’ve got a problem, Houston. Usually, though, lawns fall into one of these two types: It’s important to know your grass type so you can take the best possible care of your lawn. Types of Grass and Hardiness Zones. There are different types of lawn grass. clues. Should You Ever Let Your Lawn Go to Seed? The majority of Northern lawns are a combination of Kentucky bluegrass, ryegrass, and fescues. Warm-season grasses are also deep rooting and drought-tolerant. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Fine fescue includes many species of fescues which all have similar appearances and growth habits. Bermudagrass is commonly found in southern states from California all the way to Florida. Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) It is often referred to as "Floratam," which is a variety of St. Augustine grass. It is not at all tolerant of cold temperatures, and requires plenty of moisture for survival. These quick projects can make the difference between so-so and spectacular when it comes to fall grass — and next spring's lawn. Grass Varieties BERMUDAGRASS. Kikuyu Grass Carpet grass, while a very different species, needs the same care and looks very similar in a lawn to centipede except that it produces a crabgrass-like seed head, and does not have hairs along the edges of the leaves. That, says our resident lawn and garden expert Ashton Ritchie, is why some yards are brown in winter and some are green. Blade: Hair-like, fine tip, 1/16” or less, Popularity: Northeast to North Central U.S. (depending on species). Bahia Grass. Different grasses tolerate different soil types, levels of wear and shade, and require varying levels of maintenance. Their most distinguishing characteristic is their very narrow, finely-bladed leaves. However, they do not tolerate heat and dry conditions. One of the key identifying characteristics of perennial ryegrass is the back of the leaf blade which is very shiny. On the other hand, a formal lawn would need an entirely different type of grass seed to achieve that look. Find out how to grow a new lawn or repair the one you have. Cold winters, cool summers and high humidity create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn grasses. Color/Texture: Prickly, stiff, carpet-like, Popularity: Mid U.S., East to the Carolinas. It grows well from seed, and is a popular choice for sod farms in the North. For many homeowners there doesn’t appear to be much difference between grass species at first glance. Whereas in the north, grasses that can weather harsh winters and cooler spring and fall seasons flourish best. Bent  |  Bermuda  |  Dichondra  |  Fine Fescue  |  Kentucky Bluegrass  | Ryegrass  |  St. Augustine/Floratam  |  Tall Fescue  |  Zoysia  | Centipede | Bluegrass/Rye/Fescue. The little lawn pictured above is used by this homeowner much the same way traditional, non-native turf is used. Its most distinguished characteristic is its seed head which resembles a bird’s foot. 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